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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

STATISTICS OS1 THE IRON INDUSTRY.
611
Another comparison is according to the pig-iron produced per inhabitant, as shown in Table XXXIII-B.
TABLE XXXIII-B. Production of Pig-Iron per Capita in 1899; pounds.
Great Britain..........................505
United States..........................405
Germany..............................830
Belgium...............................322
Sweden...:............................244
France.................................146
Austria-Hungary.........,............   67
Russia.................................   46
Italy..................................    1
The   United   States   is   self-contained,  possessing within  its borders all the material necessary for the iron industry.   Some ore is imported for plants near the seaboard, and small lots of foreign pig-iron find their way into the country, but the proportion of imports is small for either fuel, ore, iron or steel.   This arises from the geographical isolation of America and the prohibitory distances from other sources of supply.   To understand the different conditions in Europe it is only necessary to consider that the boundary of France touches the coal of Belgium, and the boundary of Belgium touches the ore of Luxemburg.    The close geographical relations of the countries in northwestern Europe naturally giro rise to inter-traffic in raw materials, when unhampered by foolisn tariff restrictions on such articles.  The iron industry of Belgium is founded on imported ore, while France, Germany and England bring from one-fifth to one-third of their ore supply from beyond the boundary.    Belgium imports almost all her ore, and Great Britain and France import about one-third of all that is used.   On the other hand, Germany exports almost as much as she imports, while Sweden sends most of her ore abroad.                             ^
Belgium and Germany are the only nations that import any considerable portion of their pig-iron, while ^ " only one that exports any important amount.   In 1899 and the latter nation exported 15 per cent, of her pig-iron    In

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